ICAR-National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB) is located at Tiruchirappalli, a city located in the heart of Tamil Nadu on the banks of the river Cauvery. It was established on 21st August 1993 by ICAR, New Delhi, with an aim to increase the production and productivity of banana and plantains through mission mode basic and strategic research approaches. The Mission of the Centre is to become a global leader in the production, productivity and export of bananas and the vision of the centre is to increase the production and productivity of quality bananas through technological interventions. The Office-cum-Laboratory building is located in the city outskirts at Thayanur with a research farm spread over 90 acres at Podavur village located 1.5 km away from the office. The Centre works on four major thrust areas of research, viz., Crop Improvement, Crop Production, Postharvest Management and Crop Protection. It has well-equipped research laboratories for tissue culture, biotechnology, soil science, physiology, biochemistry, entomology, nematology, plant pathology and post-harvest technology. ICAR-NRCB has state-of-the-art facilities to conduct advanced research pertaining to all aspects of banana improvement, production and protection. Other infrastructural facilities available are library, meeting and exhibition halls, greenhouses, quarantine lab and net houses.
The centre work with the following mandate Basic, strategic and applied research on genetic resource management, crop improvement and production technologies for sustainable and enhanced production and utilization of banana, National banana gene bank management, coordination and validation of research for enhancing and sustaining the productivity of banana, Transfer of technology and capacity building of stakeholders for enhanced and sustained production of banana, Referral Laboratory for monitoring the quality of micro-propagated banana plants. For more details kindly refer the website (nrcb.res.in).
In 1974, Bioversity International was established as the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) to coordinate an international plant genetic resources programme including emergency collecting missions, and building and expanding national, regional and international genebanks. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) acted as secretariat. In 1991, IBPGR became the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and in January 1994, IPGRI began independent operation as a CGIAR center and at the request of CGIAR, took over the governance and administration of the International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP). In 2006, IPGRI and INIBAP became a single organization and subsequently changed their operating name to Bioversity International. The new name reflects an expanded vision of its role in the area of agricultural and forest biodiversity and research-for-development activities. The vision of Bioversity international is that agricultural biodiversity nourishes people and sustains the planet and the mission is to deliver scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain sustainable global food and nutrition security. For more details kindly refer the website (https://www.bioversityinternational.org).
Society for Promotion of Horticulture (SPH) was started on 20th Sept 2005 at Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore with 16 patrons and 146 founder life members. Goal is to apprise the scientists and all those who are interested in horticulture about recent scientific advancement and extension findings. Society for promotion of Horticulture is publishing a peer reviewed scientific journal namely “Journal of Horticultural Sciences”(JHS). The area of research include evaluation of germplasm, breeding, agronomic practices, physiology, biochemistry, biotechnology, soils and plant nutrient, plant protection, weed control, pesticide residue, post harvest technology, economics, extension, farm machinery and mechanization, etc. which facilitate in the growth and expansion of horticulture. For more details kindly refer the website (https://www.sphindia.org/).
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. The Council is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 101 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country, this is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world. The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development that has enabled the country to increase the production of food grains by 5.4 times, horticultural crops by 10.1 times, fish by 15.2 times, milk 9.7 times and eggs 48.1 times from 1951 to 2017, thus making a visible impact on the national food and nutritional security. For more details kindly refer the website (www.icar.org.in).